Is the rate of postnatal depression the same in the developing world as in Western cultures? Does it have a similar adverse impact on the mother-child relationship? Researchers from the UK University of Reading and the University of Cape Town, South Africa, examined these questions in Khayelitsha, South Africa.
India is currently experiencing an epidemic of coronary heart disease and diabetes. Low weight and small size at birth are thought to increase the risk of developing these diseases in later life. So what steps can India take to improve foetal growth? Will bigger babies grow up with healthier hearts?
Up to 43 percent of babies born to HIV- positive mothers in developing countries become infected with the virus. In wealthier countries, intensive treatment of both mother and baby with the drug zidovudine (AZT) is used to reduce HIV transmission. Is there an alternative to this costly treatment in resource-poor settings?
How many children suffer from communication disabilities in Uganda? What services are available for these children? How can parents get more involved in their child's progress? Researchers from the UK Centre for International Child Health report on a study in three districts in Eastern Uganda.
Is much of the talk about ‘capacity building’ woolly theorizing? What happens when capacity building is pursued and funded as an end in itself? Is enough known about what it really entails? Donors and international NGOs have often understood it to be simply training in accountancy and financial management. What do the clients - southern NGOs - want and expec […]
As violence in northwest Uganda seemed to be waning in 1994, international agencies and Ugandan authorities agreed to provide Sudanese refugees with land to grow their own food. The Ikafe project ultimately fell prey to ongoing conflict and the refugees fled back to Sudan. What can we learn from its demise?
Concerned that emergency relief can create dependency, fuel conflict and fail to address root causes of complex political emergencies (CPEs), international aid agencies have responded with simultaneous pursuit of relief and development. So why has widening relief goals recently been criticised as a departure from core humanitarian principles?
Zimbabwe stands at the crossroads. The economy is in meltdown, buffeted by structural adjustment, the AIDS epidemic, Zimbabwe’s involvement in the DRC war and political turmoil over the land question. As life becomes ever more precarious, what livelihood strategies are open to rural people? Can recent institutional interventions improve the livelihoods of vu […]
As a long-term lender to low-income countries, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) also tackles problems of poverty and growth. Should the IMF withdraw from development finance leaving it up to donors and the World Bank, as critics suggest? Is it appropriate for the Fund to return to its traditional role? And could the World Bank provide more effective sup […]
Abstract This paper analyses patterns of corruption and corruption risks related to community mineral beneficiation schemes (CMBSs) that distribute benefits funded by mineral revenues to communities. It analyses insights from existing scholarship on CMBSs, evidence from seven cases of corruption, and lessons from guidance documents on reducing corruption in […]
Until a few years ago, Mozambique was touted as one of sub-Saharan Africa’s leading success stories, with consistently high year-on-year GDP growth. In 2016, however, the country was hit by a “perfect storm” of unfavourable fluctuations in exchange rates, runaway inflation and a growing inability to service its debt burden. Observers believe Mozambique would […]
This expert answer provides an overview of self-assessment tools which have been designed for governments and/or development partners to analyse the extent and/or risks of corruption in the public sector. It covers generic assessment frameworks as well as institutional and sectoral assessments tools and provides examples from Albania, Australia, Hungary, Mac […]
La frustration générée par l’incapacité du système judiciaire ordinaire à traiter les affaires de corruption de manière satisfaisante a motivé de nombreux États à se doter d’une agence spécialisée dans la lutte contre la corruption. Si les agences anti-corruption dotées de compétences d’enquête et/ou de poursuite ont attiré beaucoup d’attention, la spécialis […]
A combination of low wages and perverse incentives motivate civil servants to supplement their income with per diem payments connected to participation in seminars and workshops. The abuse of travel and training- related payments results in excessive expenditures and in a distortion of incentives that can frustrate development efforts. Three main factors con […]